Monthly Archives: June 2015

8 Benefits of online casinos – Chicago Personal Finance

They provide a valuable testing ground to understand your strengths and weaknesses.

Online casinos are accessible to most persons with disabilities.

This allows you to understand how you really did playing poker. Some people are just not cut out that way. The problem is that with so many people walking into a casino with cash, thieves know that this is prime real estate.

When I first started playing, Blackjack at the casinos there was always some crusty old man telling me what I was doing right and wrong.

3. Free Money

As you probably noticed by now, many users choose online casinos because they are so much easier to use than a traditional casino. With an online casino, everyone is happy with the smoking and dress code.

Furthermore, not everyone is a World Series of Poker player. You can use them on your phone, your computer, or your tablet at your home or office (as long as they are okay with that).

6. To do that, sometimes they’ll give you chips to start playing.

EIGHT REASONS TO USE AN ONLINE CASINO

5. Great for Beginners

This is not an issue with online casinos. A good casino like Casino Sahara has secure protocols in place to secure your money while you play. Either way, it is annoying to hear people criticize your play when you are learning to gamble.

Have you ever gone to a brick-and-mortar casino where they give you money to start betting? Probably not!

Most people go to a casino with a few hundred bucks in cash. Recorded History of your Play

1. Better to test your mettle online with a few bucks than go to Vegas and lose a few thousand dollars at one of the bigger games.

An online casino is available to use 24/7, 365 days of the year.. Convenience

For those with disabilities, it is sometimes not possible to get to a casino. Whether you do not have adequate transportation or your disability keeps you home-bound, you need an alternative.

7. Test-Drive Games

8. Just make sure that your webcam is not on at the time.

Either you cannot stand the smell of smoke wafting in the air, or you miss smoking your Havana in a casino. That is not always possible when playing at an offline casino.

THE CHARM OF ONLINE CASINOS

Maybe you’re not a beginner, but want to test out a new strategy. Safety

In fact, you can play naked if you want, and no one will be the wiser. Smoking and Dress Code

However, online casinos know they need to entice you to start playing on their site. While it is not always available immediately, eventually you have a history of your play.

Sometimes I listened to my dismay, and other times I trusted my gut instinct. That in itself is the problem with traditional casinos. Testing out a new strategy while playing at a casino can sometimes be challenging.

2. Instead, let us know in the comment section below why you enjoy online casinos.

Finally, online casinos record everything. Why drive up to an hour to go to an over-crowded casino, when you can sit down with some popcorn and soda in the comfort of your own home gambling on your terms.

However, do not take our word for it. They’re convenient and accessible.

4. Disabilities

That is why online casinos are useful. Without knowing the score, how you will know if you improved?

Let’s start with the obvious benefit of online casinos

Tobacco companies bet on electronic cigarettes

“We think of ourselves as the digital to their analogue.” 

For e-cigarette makers, however, it’s full speed ahead.

Electronic cigarettes turn nicotine liquid into an inhalable vapor — eliminating combustion — which is why the act of “smoking” an e-cigarette is sometimes called “vaping.” There is now a raging debate about the health risks posed by the battery-powered devices, which are made to look like real cigarettes (or perhaps a pen). 

. Surgeon General Richard Carmona, who has joined the board of NJOY, has said that more study is needed but that e-cigarettes represent a potential tool to move people off traditional cigarettes, which are widely considered to be more harmful.

© 2013 CBS Interactive Inc. convenience stores, according to a Wells Fargo Securities estimate cited by the Wall Street Journal. 

“Our mission is to ‘obsolete’ cigarettes,” Craig Weiss, chief executive of NJOY, told the Financial Times earlier this year.

CBS

“This industry is in decline, whether people want to admit it or not,” said Jack Russo, an analyst with Edward Jones and a tobacco industry expert. Under the Tobacco Control Act, the FDA cannot currently regulate e-cigarettes, unless the manufacturers make therapeutic claims. (There are roughly 44 million adult smokers in the U.S. smokers at least tried an e-cigarette in 2011.

The FDA warns that e-cigarettes could lead young people to use conventional cigarettes and says it is not yet known if they are safe on their own, with some expressing concerns about a chemical called Propylene Glycol that is found in many e-cigarettes. But it is far from negligible. tobacco company, Reynolds American, announced that it would bring its “VUSE” electronic cigarette to Colorado in July ahead of a planned national rollout. In 1965, according to the Centers for Disease Control, 42 percent of men and women over 18 years old were smokers; in 2010, only 19 percent smoked.

The industry’s embrace of e-cigarettes, which are also known as vapor cigarettes, comes as Americans move away from traditional cigarettes. There are also questions about whether the typical user will consume e-cigarettes at anything approaching the rate of traditional cigarettes, and whether current non-smokers will be willing to take up the product.

The industry’s growth could be stymied domestically by the FDA, which says it plans to regulate electronic cigarettes – though it has offered no hints as to what that regulation might look like. He went on to describe the move by traditional tobacco companies to embrace e-cigarettes at this time “almost a desperation-type behavior,” adding that “all the potential good news could be squashed down the road by taxation, regulation, you name it.”

Tobacco companies are now embracing electronic cigarettes to help offset the loss of traditional cigarette smokers – even as the U.S. There’s still a lot of question marks,” said Russo. It plans to begin that comment process later this year and eventually issue regulations on electronic cigarettes and other unregulated tobacco products. Three U.S. Former U.S. Parker said he hopes “the clever application of technology might someday obsolete the combustion cigarette and all the harm it causes.” NJOY has deployed singer Courtney Love and other celebrities in an effort to help make its product seem cool. 

Altria

And the third-largest U.S. The company’s Nu Mark branch will be introduced first in Indiana in August; consumers will have the option of disposable or rechargeable models, and classic or menthol flavors; the experience, executives said, “closely resembles the draw of a cigarette.”

“It’s far too early to be calling this the next horizon. states have already banned the use of e-cigarettes in enclosed public spaces.

Updated 9:21 a.m. All Rights Reserved. Electronic cigarettes, he said, offer tobacco companies a rare opportunity to introduce new products – something they have largely been prevented from doing in recent years by the government – and “maybe look like the good guys for a change.”

The MarkTen electronic cigarette.

It isn’t just the traditional tobacco industry that is betting on e-cigarettes. tobacco company, Lorillard Inc., last year acquired “Blu” e-cigarettes, which make up about one-third of the electronic cigarettes sold at U.S. today, and another 12 million that use other forms of tobacco.) While the industry has been able to look to overseas markets for growth in recent years – particularly in the Asia Pacific region – health concerns have prompted increasing efforts to curtail smoking across the globe, including in Russia and China. 

Regulation is not the only threat to the industry: Electronic cigarettes could eventually face the same sort of high-levels of taxation that now curtail sales of traditional cigarettes. (That’s why you don’t now see e-cigarettes marketed as a way to stop smoking traditional cigarettes.) But the FDA has the legal right to add categories to the tobacco products it regulates after going through certain procedural steps, including a public comment process.  

The nation’s largest tobacco company, Marlboro-maker Altria Group Inc., announced plans for the release of its electronic cigarette, the “MarkTen,” at an investor meeting today. Silicon Valley entrepreneur Sean Parker is part of a group investing $75 million in NJOY Inc., which makes one of the leading electronic cigarettes. Eastern Time

Last week, the second-biggest U.S. Reynolds American CEO Dan Delen, whose company sells Camel and Pall Mall cigarettes, says he is committed to “transforming tobacco” as part of an effort to make the product less harmful. 

While there are now more than 200 models available, the e-cigarette industry remains tiny compared to the overall tobacco industry – e-cigarettes totaled about 0.5 percent of the overall domestic tobacco market last year. Last November, the company Euromonitor estimated that $2 billion had been spent on e-cigarettes globally in 2011, stating that the industry has seen “booming growth” in just a few years. According to the CDC, about one in five adult U.S. Food and Drug Administration prepares to put forth regulations that could put the skids on the nascent e-cigarette industry

I need info on pinball machines (science)… can you give me some?

In a multiplayer game, the player who just lost his ball is the same one to shoot again. Proceeds go to support the Pinball Hall Of Fame. The ball is put into play by use of the plunger, a spring-loaded rod that strikes the ball as it rests in an entry lane, or as in some newer games, by a button that signals the game logic to fire a solenoid that strikes the ball.

The flippers have loaned pinball its common name in many languages, where the game is known mainly as “flipper”. Designers also included hidden messages or in-jokes; one example of this is the phrase “DOHO” sometimes seen quickly displayed on the dot matrix displays, a reference to Dorris Ho, the wife of then-Williams display artist Scott Slomiany [AKA Scott Matrix]. Difficult to handle. Selling for $17.50, the game dispensed five balls for a penny. A typical application of this is having a short lane on the playfield with a narrow opening, inside which a captive ball is held. In 1931 David Gottlieb’s Baffle Ball became the first overnight hit of the coin-operated era. Progression through each mode is frequently accompanied by DMD animations and sound.

Drop targets: These are targets that drop below the playfield when hit. Chicago Coin was purchased by the Stern family who brought the company into the digital era as Stern Enterprises, which closed its doors in the mid-1980s. In modern machines, an electronically-controlled launcher is sometimes substituted for the plunger. (Frequently the lights represented scores in the hundreds of thousands.) Then later, during the 1950s and 1960s when the scoring mechanism was limited to mechanical wheels, high scores were frequently only in the hundreds or thousands.

[edit] External links . Learning these details makes the game more fun and challenging.

In the 1948 movie “The Time of Your Life” one of the characters was called “Willie, the Marbler Game Maniac”. On recent tables, a saucer shot usually awards a random prize or a “video mode” on dot-matrix display machines. In such cases, a player may even walk away from a machine with several games left on it.

Common features in modern pinball games include the following:

[edit] Pinball and gambling

Pinball machines, like many other mechanical games, were sometimes used as gambling devices. Usually this is done by trapping one or more balls out of play with one flipper, then using the other flipper to score points with the remaining ball or balls. These issues were quickly fixed, and today, may cause existing credits to be removed. The player attempts to direct the ball with enough force to make it to the top of the ramp and down the other side. An example of this is the initial firing lane. Scoring it was usually a complicated task.

[edit] Notable pinball simulators

There have been pinball programs released for all major home video game and computer systems.

“Pinball Blues” performed by Charlie Moore Bill Napier

The 1973 movie Heavy Traffic, directed by Ralph Bakshi, uses pinball imagery as a metaphor for inner-city life. The most famous were designed by James Rider, the man behind the epitomous catchphrase “I’ve got it”, amongst others. Usually, each toy is unique to the machine it was made for, and reflects the theme of the game. Since the artistic value of the backglass may be quite impressive, it is not uncommon for enthusiasts to use a deep frame around a backglass (with a light behind it) and hang it on a wall after the rest of the game is discarded.

Pinball scoring can be peculiar and varies greatly from machine to machine. Apparently, this feature was recently taken out by default in new Stern S.A.M System games. This “something else” could be as simple as hitting a ramp, or it could be a complicated sequence of targets.

While most pinball simulators feature tables created specifically for the computer, fans of real tables were rewarded for their patience when Microsoft released a collection of simulated Gottlieb tables for the PC. Bally, Williams, and Gottlieb continued to quietly make pinballs while they also manufactured video games in much higher numbers. Nevertheless, on occasion pinball games have been regulated or banned, notably in New York City beginning in the 1940s and continuing until 1976, when Roger Sharpe (a star witness for the Music and Amusement Association), after testifying in April 1976 before a committee in a Manhattan courtroom that pinball games had become games of skill and were no longer games of chance (gambling), began to play one of two games set up in the courtroom, and — in a move he compares to Babe Ruth’s home run in the 1932 World Series — called out precisely what he was going to shoot for, and then proceeded to do exactly so. Chicago has been the center of pinball manufacturing ever since.

Sometimes, a faulty playfield item will bounce or switch to rack up extra points that are not earned. Sega later sold their pinball division to Gary Stern (President of Sega Pinball at the time) who called his company Stern Pinball.

The 1930s saw a leap forward in innovation in pinball design and devices with the introduction of electrification. If done properly, the ball will bounce off the “dead” flipper, across to the other flipper, where it may be trapped and controlled. In 1990, the Bally pinball machine Dr. Game designer Wayne Neyens along with artist Leroy Parker turned out game after game that collectors consider some of the most classic pinball machines ever designed. If the player succeeds, he has made a “ramp shot”.

British singer/songwriter Brian Protheroe had a 1979 chart hit with his song “Pinball”. However, it can be added as an option. For older games, the backglass image is painted in layers on the reverse side of a piece of glass; in more recent games, the image is imprinted into a transluscent piece of plastic-like material called a translite which is mounted behind a piece of glass and which is easily removable. As pinball scores on modern machines nearly always end in zero, the chances of this happening appear to be 1 in 10, but the operator can alter this probability — it is usually around 7%. At other times, the ramps will go to smaller “mini-playfields” (small playfields, usually raised above the main game surface, with special goals or scoring). Eliminating an entire row in this manner may lead to any of various features. Covers pinball machine conventions, shows and happenings around the world

Pinball.org Rule sheets for most modern titles

Popbumper.com Popbumper.com featuring Rob Craig, pinball columnist for Gameroom Magazine

Pinball Machines Articles about pinball. This is actually quite difficult to do, since a coin acceptor mechanism is designed to reject anything other than a true coin, and uses thickness, diameter, weight and inertia as tests. If it clearly rolls off to one side, a player may be inclined to stuff folded paper beneath the legs on the lower side to level the playfield. This information is vital to achieving higher scores; it typically describes a series of events that must take place (e.g., shoot right ramp and left drop targets to light ‘extra ball’ rollover). A large sum of points is usually rewarded when the target is hit back all the way with one strike of the ball. Jackpots would often range from 1-4 million (back when it was a significant addition to the score), and their value would accrue between games until it was scored. The game struck a chord with a public eager for cheap entertainment in a depression-era economy. Electromagnets may also be used in above-playfield elements (often as part of the playfield “toys”) to grab the ball and move it elsewhere (up onto a mini-playfield, for example).

[edit] Nudging

Skillful players can influence the movement of the ball by nudging or bumping the pinball machine, a technique known as “nudging.” There are tilt mechanisms which guard against excessive manipulation of this sort. The player can strike this captive ball with the ball in play, pushing it along the lane to activate a rollover switch or target.

[edit] Pinball in the digital age

After the collapse of the coin-operated video game industry, pinball saw another comeback in the 1990s. Baffle Ball sold over 50,000 units and established Gottlieb as the first major manufacturer of pinball machines. However, with the recent death of Steve Irwin, it was announced that the future of this game has become uncertain.[2] In 2006 TPF announced that they would be reproducing two popular 90′s era Williams machines, Medieval Madness and Cactus Canyon.[3] To date the Pinball Factory has produced no machines. and Company, founded by Alvin Gottlieb, son of David Gottlieb. Innovations such as the tilt mechanism and free games (known as replays) appeared. The inflated scores are the source of one of the Spanish-language names of pinball machines, máquina del millón (“million machine”). There is also an earlier variety of bumper (known as a dead bumper or passive bumper) that doesn’t propel the ball away; most bumpers on machines built since the 1960s are active bumpers, variously called “pop bumpers”, “thumper bumpers”, “jet bumpers”, or “turbo bumpers”. Some games offer both and award the latter as a condition for completing the former. The Williams machine The Twilight Zone, featured a mini-playfield that used electromagnets controlled by the flipper buttons, allowing the player to “flip” the ball on the mini-playfield, essentially working as invisible flippers.

[edit] Repair Information

PinballHQ.com An extensive amount of information on repairing and restoring pinball machines.

Rollovers: these are targets activated when a ball rolls over them. If the timing is exactly correct, a player may hold a flipper up and then nudge the machine hard enough (but not so hard as to tilt the machine) to pop the ball back up into play on to the opposite flipper. By this time, Williams had shrunk its production runs significantly and reduced the manufacturing cost of their machines by incorporating fewer playfield toys than in earlier games. Once the ball is directed into the recess, it will be ejected back towards the direction it came from, or sometimes at a right angle to its entry point instead. Pinball saw another golden age of growth. In 1871 Redgrave was granted US Patent #115,357 for his “Improvements in Bagatelle” [1], which replaced the cue at the player’s end of the table with a coiled spring and a plunger. In 1999 Williams attempted to revive sales with the Pinball 2000 line of games, merging a video display into the pinball playfield.

The British 1973 movie The Final Programme, has a club in which couples enter transparent balls and roll them around on a playing field the size of a dance hall.

First pinball machine that was commercially successful: Gottlieb’s Baffle Ball (1931)

First pinball machine with a tilt mechanism: Williams’ Advance (1932)

First pinball machine with a bumper: Bally’s Bumper (1936)

First pinball machine with full-sized backglass: Dux (1937)

First pinball machine to use flippers: Humpty Dumpty (1947)

First pinball machine to use “jet bumpers” and locate the flippers at lower end of playfield: Williams’ Saratoga (1948)

First pinball machine without a plunger (launch by pressing either flipper buttons, which ejects the ball from the center drain): Gottlieb’s Just 21 (1950)

First pinball machine with score wheels: Williams’ Army Navy (1953)

First pinball machine to use a ramp on playfield: Williams’ Nine Sisters (1953)

First pinball machine for four players: Gottlieb’s Super Jumbo (1954)

First pinball machine with multiball: Bally’s Balls-a-Poppin’ (1956)

First pinball machine to feature a single shot for one million points: Williams’ Arrow Head (1957)

First pinball machine with a moving target: Williams’ Magic Clock (1960)

First pinball machine to award an extra ball: Gottlieb’s Flipper (1960)

First pinball machine to use drop targets: Williams’ Vagabond (1962)

First pinball machine to feature an up post: Williams’ Cabaret (1968)

First pinball machine to feature multiple banks of drop targets: Gottlieb’s 2001 (1971)

First pinball machine to use a microprocessor: Mirco Games’ Spirit of 76 (1975)

First pinball machine to accept dollars (Susan B. The player shot balls up the inclined playfield using this plunger, a device that remains in pinball to this day. Older games would immediately end the ball in play on a tilt.

Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 brought the computerized pinball game into the workplace, by including 3D Pinball: Space Cadet with the operating system alongside the popular Solitaire card game. Getting a hundred points by the end of a game is considered respectable, which makes it one of the lowest scoring pinball machines of all time. Other machines allowed a player to accumulate large numbers of free “games” which could then be redeemed for money. This strategy usually yields higher scores.

[edit] Features of a pinball game

Main article: Glossary of pinball terms

[edit] Plunger

The plunger is a spring-loaded rod with a small handle, used to propel the ball into the playfield. With the flippers, the player attempts to move the ball to hit various types of scoring targets, and to keep the ball from disappearing off the bottom of the playfield. These are generally the simplest playfield elements.

Episode 13 (Season 1) of the 1990s kid’s show Are You Afraid of the Dark? titled ‘The Tale of the Pinball Wizard’ dealt with a boy with a penchant for pinball games becoming trapped in a pinball game made real. Game’s Dakar (1988)

First pinball machine to feature a wizard mode (high-scoring mode): Williams’ Black Knight 2000 (1989)

First pinball machine to feature a shaker motor (shakes whole machine): Williams’ Earthshaker! (1989)

First pinball machine to feature a known celebrity voice (Cassandra Peterson – Elvira) especially recorded for the machine: Bally’s Elvira and the Party Monsters (1989)

First pinball machine with a dot matrix scoring display: Data East’s Checkpoint (1991)

First pinball machine to feature a choice of alternate soundtracks (selected by the player): Data East’s Checkpoint (1991)

First pinball machine with a cannon-launcher (player literally “shoots” captured pinball at targets): Williams’ Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)

First pinball machine with a video mode: Williams’ Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)

First pinball machine with a built-in dollar bill validator: Data East’s Lethal Weapon 3 (1992)

First pinball machine to reward for a “death save”: Data East’s The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle and Friends (1993)

First pinball machine to use a non-metallic, ceramic pinball (called a “Powerball”): Bally’s Twilight Zone (1993)

First pinball machine with a player-controlled mini playfield: Williams’ Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure (1993)

First pinball machine with multiple cannon-launchers: Williams’ Star Trek: The Next Generation (1993)

First pinball machine to move the scoring display from the backbox into the cabinet: Bally’s Cirqus Voltaire (1997)

First pinball machine to overlay interactive video onto the mechanical playfield: Bally’s Revenge From Mars (1999)

[edit] Solid-state era

The advent of the microprocessor in the early 1970s brought another new age for pinball. A game that’s fun to play makes more money for the owner; a game that is faulty does not get repeat customers. [edit] Slingshots

Kickers and slingshots: These are targets which propel the ball away upon impact, like bumpers, but are usually a horizontal side of a wall.

Tilt – how and why it works.

Happy Days’ Arthur “Fonzie” Fonzarelli often played a “Nip-It” pinball at Arnold’s Drive-In.

By the end of 1932 there were approximately 150 companies manufacturing pinball machines, most of them in the city of Chicago.

Pinside.com, Home of a Solid State Pinball Database and a World Pinball Top 100

Mr. To visit another PHOF site click here.

Skilled players can often play on a machine for long periods of time on a single coin. Pinball scoring objectives can be quite complex and require a series of targets to be hit in a particular order. While initially exciting to get something for nothing, the result is that a solenoid may be destroyed in the process of constant triggering, taking the game out of service. Typically, one or two credits are awarded for a 1st-4th place listing, and three for the Grand Champion. These are usually hidden under the playfield, or covered by playfield components. (These pins gave the game its name). Classic examples of this include Williams’ Black Knight 2000 (The King’s Ransom) and Midway’s Twilight Zone (Lost in the Zone). Once the ball is in motion in the main area of the playfield, the plunger is not used again until another ball must be brought onto the playfield. The ball will then often bounce across the table to the other flipper, where the ball may then be hit (or trapped) by the opposite flipper. There are many and various time-related features in pinball. The most common example of where solenoids are used are the flippers, which actually contain two coil windings in one package; a power-winding to give the flipper it’s initial thrust up, and a hold winding that uses lower power and essentially just holds the flipper up allowing the player to capture the ball in the inlane for more precise aiming. They are the main control that the player has over the ball. Upon their inception, the Jackpot was the main goal of most pinballs in the 80s.

Kicking Target: Used only by Gottlieb, these targets look like stationary targets, but when hit they kick the ball away in the opposite direction much like a slingshot or bumper. Often, the number of ramp shots scored in a game is tallied, and reaching certain numbers may lead to various game features. Bumpers predate flippers, and active bumpers added a great deal of spice to older games. With practice — and a table in good operating condition — a player can often achieve specific targets and higher scores as well as trigger exciting events. Games are generally built around a particular theme, such as a sport or character and the backglass art reflects this theme to attempt the attention of players. It is important that the playfield be level left-to-right; a quick visual test compares the top of the back cabinet against a brick or block wall behind it. Space Cadet was licensed to Microsoft from Maxis’ pinball software collection Full Tilt! Pinball. This is the pinball equivalent of the final boss fight in video games. However, doing this was nearly random, and the real use for such machines was for gambling (similar to the way many places now use video poker). (DOHO has also taken on the meaning of a Documented Occurance of a Hidden Object due to the history of the Dorris Ho explanation not being generally known until recently.) The game Star Trek:The Next Generation went so far as to embed a hidden Breakout-like game available only after a complex sequence of events was accomplished during the game. By depositing a single coin and pressing the reset button one-quarter to one-half second later, up to five games could be obtained.

[edit] Pinball companies

Stern Pinball, Inc. The very first pinball games appeared in the early 1930s and did not have flippers; after launch the ball simply proceeded down the playfield, directed by static nails (or “pins”) to one of several scoring areas. The electromechanical relays and scoring reels that drove games in the 50s and 60s were now replaced with circuit boards and digital displays. Additionally, leg levelers that are all extended fully make the game easier to nudge; when collapsed low, the entire game is more stable, and nudging becomes harder. When this feature is present, the advanced player may then attempt to perform a “chill maneuver” when the ball is heading directly toward the pin by opting not to hit a flipper.

Occasionally a pinball machine will have a pin or post placed directly between the two bottom flippers. Solenoids also control such things as pop-bumpers, kickbacks, droptargets, and many other features on the machine. Arcades quickly replaced rows of pinball machines with games like Asteroids and Pac-Man, which earned incredible amounts of money compared to the pinballs of the day and required much less mechanical maintenance. About a year after, Lawlor announced a return to the industry, starting his own company (Pat Lawlor Design) working in conjunction with Stern Pinball to produce new games into the new millennium.

The post-war era was dominated by Gottlieb.

The new flipper ushered in the “golden age” of pinball, where the fierce competition between the various pinball manufacturers led to constant innovation in the field.

Jackpot: Some targets on the playfield increase the scoring value of something else. A different collection of simulated Gottlieb games was released for the PlayStation 2, Xbox (both in 2004), the PSP in 2006 and the Nintendo Wii in 2007. Together, their goal is to promote competitive and non-competitive pinball throughout the world. The reception was lukewarm and Williams exited the pinball business to focus on making gaming equipment for casinos, licensing the rights to Bally/Williams parts to Illinois Pinball and names to The Pinball Factory.

Most recent games are clearly labeled “FOR AMUSEMENT ONLY” so that the manufacturer can emphasize their legitimate, legal nature. In later games these tasks have been taken over by semiconductor chips and displays are made on electronic segmented or dot matrix displays.

[edit] Bumpers

Bumpers: These are round knobs that, when hit, will actively push the ball away. Peter’s College took up the challenge.[6]

[edit] Pinball firsts

Note: Be aware that some items in this list may be disputed by pinball collectors, based on various criteria, including design vs production dates in which games designed with a feature may have had their production delayed until after a later designed game with a similar feature. Older pinball machines used an electromechanical system for scoring wherein a pulse from a switch would cause a complex mechanism composed of relays to ratchet up the score.

In the Three Stooges short film “Three Little Pirates” there is a scene where the boys happen upon a pinball machine and Larry says, “A game of skill”, possibly alluding to the then common allegations that pinball was a game of chance. Even if it works, a savvy operator will compare the coins to the credits counter and install an inexpensive ‘string cutter’ razor, so the cheater’s victory is short-lived. However, Elektra’s lower playfield was a self-contained area that used its own captive ball for scoring. Astonished committee members reportedly then voted to remove the ban, a result which was then followed in many other cities. Other manufacturers quickly followed suit with similar features. Ways to get a replay might include:

[edit] Post-war boom

During World War II all of the major manufacturing companies in coin-operated games were put into use manufacturing equipment for the American war effort. A slow-moving coin on a string is simply treated as a slug and rejected.

[edit] Computer pinball simulation

[edit] Targets

Stationary Targets: These are static targets that simply record when a ball strikes them.

A placard is usually placed in a lower corner of the playfield. As soon as the operator finds them in the coin box, multiple adjustments on the acceptor mechanism will be fine-tuned to be less forgiving, stopping that activity. The “scoring inflation” trend continued until the 1996 release of Tales of the Arabian Nights, where all points would shrink over 100-fold.

A Pinball-themed courtship is featured in Bad Santa when Billy Bob Thornton shows the mechanics of the “tilt mechanism.”

In the movie West Side Story one of the gangmembers is playing a pinball machine when the Sharks and Jets meet in the store.

When a machine says “SHOOT AGAIN” on the scoreboard, it means that you have an extra ball to shoot. Anthony coin): Bally’s Kiss (1978)

First pinball machine that spoke (a seven-word vocabulary): Williams’ Gorgar (1979)

First pinball machine to use a pool ball as the pinball (the largest commercial game ever built): Atari’s Hercules (1979)

First pinball machine with multi-ball in the solid-state electronics era: Williams’ Firepower (1980)

First pinball machine with “lane advance” (player control of top rollover lane lights): Williams’ Firepower (1980)

First pinball machine with two-level playfield: Williams’ Black Knight (1980)

First pinball machine with Magna-Save (player-controlled magnet to prevent outlane drains): Williams’ Black Knight (1980)

First pinball machine with reverse playfield: Gottlieb’s Black Hole (1981)

First pinball machine to combine mechanical pinball with a video game: Gottlieb’s Caveman (1982)

First pinball machine with a three-level playfield: Gottlieb’s Haunted House (1982) ^

First pinball machine to feature a single shot for one million points in the solid-state electronics era: Williams’ Comet (1985)

First pinball machine with an alpha-numeric display: Gottlieb’s Chicago Cubs: Triple Play (1985)

First pinball machine to feature a 360 degree vertical loop on the playfield: Gottlieb/Premier’s Gold Wings (1986)

First pinball machine to auto-adjust replay scores based on game history: Williams’ High Speed (1986)

First pinball machine to feature a complete song/soundtrack: Williams’ High Speed (1986)

First pinball machine with a jackpot that carried over between games: Williams’ High Speed (1986)

First pinball machine to feature an automatic ball saver F-14 Tomcat (1987)

First pinball machine with a video monitor scoring display: Mr. The death save may only be performed when a ball has dropped through an outlane and is heading down toward the drain. Companies like Bally thrived in this era, selling large amounts of games with fancy sound effects, speech, and game features that only a computer could make possible. But the addition of a DC power supply enabled the flippers on Humpty Dumpty to become only two, more powerful ones at the bottom of the Triple Action playfield — one of many innovations by designer Steve Kordek, who is also credited with introducing the very first “drop target” (1962 on Vagabond) and “multiball” (1963 on Beat the Clock) concepts to the game. Visual PinMAME is an ongoing project that combines the Visual Pinball program with an emulator that uses ROM images from electronic pinball machines to both control the behavior of the simulation in Visual Pinball and to reproduce the sounds and score displays of the actual tables.

When an extra game is won, the machine typically makes a single loud bang, most often with a solenoid that strikes a piece of metal, or the side of the cabinet, with a rod, known as a knocker, or less commonly with loudspeakers.

Gottlieb’s Humpty Dumpty, introduced in 1947, was the first game to add player-controlled flippers to keep the ball in play longer and added a skill factor to the game. If used in the latter way, the target is usually blocking a lane or ramp. Redgrave’s innovations in game design are acknowledged as the birth of pinball in its modern form. Some games award a seemingly arbitrary amount of points that depend on the number of times any switch has been hit. The lyrics are the lament of a victim of an addiction to truck driving and pinball machines.

[edit] Scoring Points

Contact with or manipulation of scoring elements (such as targets or ramps) scores points for the player.

Match: At the end of the game, if the last two digits of your score match a random digit followed by zero, you get an extra game. Some operators intentionally extend (to raise) threaded levelers on the rear legs and/or shorten or remove the levelers on the front legs to create additional incline in the playfield, making the ball move faster and harder to play. This is done by tapping the flipper button quickly enough so that the trapped ball is knocked back at an angle of less than 90 degrees into the bottom of the nearest slingshot. Often a series of rollover targets are placed side-by-side and with dividers between them forming “lanes”; the player must guide the ball to particular lanes (or to all lanes) in order to complete an objective.

One Way Door: This is a block that will allow balls to come through one way but will block the ball if it is going the other way. Modern games give off several “Jackpots” in each multiball mode, which is usually quite easy to attain, and the value of today’s “Jackpots” is far less significant. Found mostly on older electro-mechanical games. This may be done to make the ball’s movement unpredictable, to temporarily halt the ball (as a “ball saver”, for example), or to otherwise control the ball by non-mechanical means. Named after The Who’s song Pinball Wizard.

Common scoring targets and other playfield features include:

1982′s David’s Midnight Magic for the Apple II, Commodore 64, and Atari 8-bit computer series was notable as being the first commercial simulation of an existing pinball machine, namely Williams’ Black Knight. Current Junior (16 and under) and Senior (50 and over) World Champions are Ethan Blonder and John Reuter, respectively. The balls became marbles and the wickets became small “pins”. Since then, there has been a trend of scoring inflation, with modern machines often requiring scores of over a billion points to win a free game. Since the outlanes always lose the ball, having “special” there makes it worth shooting for them (and is pretty much the only time this is the case). The player then chooses the moment to hit the flipper again, timing the shot as the ball slides slowly against the flipper.

PinballNews.com Current and late breaking news in the pinball machine world.

Stackability: To “stack” means that you can run one play mode while another mode is in progress. The low power of the Humpty Dumpty flippers necessitated that three pairs be placed around the playfield in order to get the ball to the top.

Flippers.be Pinball repair and restoration information for beginners through experts.

[edit] Footnotes

^ Bally’s 1981 Elektra also had three playfields, and predated Haunted House. Many types of targets and features have been developed over the years.

An Introduction to Pinball Repair A beginner’s guide to maintenance of a pinball machine. This innovation made the game friendlier to players.

[edit] Switches and One Way Doors

Switches: an area you go through once and gets blocked off. On some games, the balls are physically locked in place by solenoid-actuated gates, but many newer machines use “virtual” ball locks instead, in which the game merely keeps count of the number of locked balls and then auto-launches them from the main ball trough when it is time for them to be released.

The games from Williams now dominated the industry, with complicated mechanical devices and more elaborate display and sound systems attracting new players to the game. [1] Moloney eventually changed the name of his company to Bally to reflect the success of this game. (Although, in an effort to keep with the traditional high scores attained with the painted backglass games, the first pinball machines to use mechanical wheels for scoring, such as Army Navy, allowed the score to reach into the millions by adding a number of permanent zeros to the end of the score.) The average score changed again in the 1970s with the advent of electronic displays. Pat Lawlor was a designer, working for Williams up until their closure in 1999. Many of the larger companies were acquired by corporations or merged with other companies. After repeated attempts he eventually wins.

[edit] Flippers

The flippers are one or more small mechanically or electromechanically-controlled levers, roughly 3 to 7 cm in length, used for redirecting the ball up the playfield.

[edit] Online Communities

Rec.Games.Pinball the oldest and most active pinball discussion group on the Internet, also available via newsgroups distributed via NNTP

Pinball Post Online Pinball and Gameroom Discussion Forums

In 1932, Gottlieb distributor Ray Moloney found it hard to obtain more Baffle Ball units to sell. Most recent games include a set of pop bumpers, usually three, sometimes more or less depending on the designer’s goals.

Several competitive pinball leagues have been formed in recent years to encourage friendly competition and to keep pinball in the public eye. By applying power to the coil, the magnetic field created by electromagnetism causes a metal object (usually called a plunger) to move.

[edit] Machine layout

The key attribute of a successful pinball game is an interesting and challenging layout of scoring opportunities. Some companies like Williams bought old games from operators and refurbished them, adding new artwork with a patriotic theme.

Slugs made from hammered metal pieces or foreign coins are sometimes tried.

The Internet Pinball Machine Database Glossary

The Internet Pinball Machine Database’s Skills for the Pinball Player

Pinpedia – Pinball Auction Results A large list of the completed price of many pinball auctions

Pinball Locator Find pinball machines to play in your local community

Italian Pinball Info and history about European made pinball machines

PinGame Journal The pinball hobby publication “covering the world of pinball.”

[edit] Collections

The Pinball Hall Of Fame Located in Las Vegas, Nevada.

Electromagnets: some tables feature electrically operated magnets below the playfield to affect the ball’s speed and/or trajectory according to the current state of game play.

[edit] Simulators

Tower of Pin PC Pinball Simulations hub. Virtually all games have the ability to assign a multiplier to the bonus. Data East was acquired by Sega and became Sega Pinball for a few years. For example, replay scores that used to be in the billions have now shrunk to usually no more than 30 million. These leagues exist everywhere from the Free State Pinball Association (FSPA) in the Washington, DC area to the Tokyo Pinball Organization (TPO) in Japan. Recent pinball games are distinguished by increasingly complex rule sets that require a measure of strategy and planning by the player for maximum scoring. It is a metal arm that pivots under the playfield.

Electromechanical pinball machines manufactured by Williams (until approximately 1973) had a wiring anomaly which could be exploited with one or more credits remaining on the game reel. For example, if you were on Ball 2, and you have an extra ball, the next ball (the extra one) will also be Ball 2 (it will not be Ball 3). The mechanisms generally include; a grounded plumb bob centered in an electrified steel ring – when the machine is jostled too far or too hard, the bob bumps up against the ring, completing a circuit; an electrified ball on a slight ramp with a grounded post at the top of the ramp – when the front of the machine is lifted (literally, tilted) too high, the ball rolls to the top of the ramp and completes the circuit; and an impact sensor – usually located on the coin door, the playfield and/or the cabinet itself. Although they share a common ancestry, the games are very different, in that pachinko simply involves shooting many small balls one after the other into a nearly-vertical playfield while pinball is about the manipulation of the small number of balls currently in play. The designer of Contact, Harry Williams, would eventually form his own company, Williams Manufacturing, in 1944. Some pinball machines, such as Bally’s “bingos”, featured a grid on the backglass scoring area. Electrical switches embedded in the scoring elements detect contact and relay this information to the scoring mechanism. When one of these sensors is activated, the game registers a “tilt” and locks out, disabling solenoids for the flippers and other playfield systems so that the ball can do nothing other than roll all the way down the playfield to the drain. By earning extra balls, a single game can be stretched out for a long period, and if the player is playing well he or she can earn replays by points and possibly also free games, known as “specials”. The current PAPA (Professional-Amateur Pinball Assosciation) World Champion is Jorian Engelbrektsson from Sweden. They may be visual only, and have no effect on game play; they may be alternate ways of performing common game functions (for example, instead of using a drop hole to hold the ball, a hand or dinosaur might reach out, grab the ball, and capture it that way); or they may be an integral part of the game rules and play (for instance, having a smaller playfield over the main playfield that can be tilted right and left by the player, using the flipper buttons). In earlier machines, before a phenomenon often referred to as score inflation, had happened (causing almost all scores to end in 0) and scores could end in any integer, the match function was often a random integer from 0 to 9 that had to match the last digit in the score. Things came full circle when Bally created the Wizard pinball game featuring Ann-Margret and The Who’s Roger Daltrey on the backglass. Flipper button computer peripherals were also released, allowing pinball fans to add an accurate feel to their game play instead of using the keyboard or mouse. Until recently most games also had a “slam tilt” switch which guarded against kicking or slamming the coin mechanism, which could give a false indication that a coin had been inserted, thereby giving a “free” game or credit. all closing their doors by the end of 1996. If discovered in an attempt, the offender will likely be banned from the establishment. The methods used to find the hidden items usually involved pressing the flipper buttons in a certain order or during certain events. Many games also have a slam tilt in the bottom of the lower cabinet to end the game if the cabinet is raised and dropped to the floor in an attempt to falsely trigger the coin counting switch.

For additional examples, see the Cows and Easter Eggs page. Pinball games have become increasingly complex and multiple play modes, multi-level playfields, and even progression through a rudimentary “plot” have become common features on recent games. Or, roll a marble down the center of the playfield glass.

[edit] Cheating

Occasionally, a player may try to obtain free games by attaching a piece of string to a coin and lowering it to the counter switch, then raise and lower it to obtain free credits.

The video game fad of the 1980s, however, signaled the end of the boom for pinball.

[edit] References

^ http://www.scholzroland.de/VPStuff/BALLY…

Multiball: More than one ball in play at a time. He is award six nickles by the bartender, and says, “With a little skill a man can make an honest living beating the marble games.”

Singer/Songwriter Lonnie Irving’s song “Pinball Machine” made the Top 100 Singles Chart in March of 1960 on the Starday label.

[edit] Holes and Saucers

Holes: The player directs the ball into a hole. The earliest games did not have backglasses or backboxes and were little more than playfields in boxes. Haunted House’s lower playfield was accessible during regular gameplay from both the main and upper play areas. Licensing popular movies and icons of the day became a staple for pinball, with Bally/Williams’ The Addams Family hitting an all-time modern sales record of 20,270 machines. It has DVDs that can be purchased to help repair your games.

The birth of pinball

In 1869, a British inventor named Montague Redgrave settled in America and manufactured bagatelle tables out of his factory in Cincinnati, Ohio.

[edit] Pinball clubs

Professional/Amateur Pinball Association

Ithaca Pinball Club (NY)

Free State Pinball Association (MD)

Steel City Pinball Association (PA)

Bay Area Pinball Association (CA)

Swedish Pinball Association (SE)

Stockholm Pinball (SE)

West Coast Pinball (SE)

Dutch Pinball Association (NL)

German Pinball Association (DE)

Brazilian Pinball Club (São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro)

Tokyo Pinball Organization (JAPAN)

Italian Pinball Association (ITALY)

[edit] Unique pinball features

Easter Eggs: In the ’90s, game designers — especially those of Williams Electronics — often put hidden, reoccurring images or references in their games, similar to how Easter eggs are placed in video games and other PC software.

ArcadeHistory an alternative Pinballs database.

Another close relative to pinball is Pachinko, a gambling game played in Japan. (Note: Happy Days was set in the 1950s; Nip-It was created in the 1970s.) No surprise that the 1977 Bally game Eight Ball was strongly inspired by Happy Days. In older machines this is mechanically controlled using switches mounted next to the flipper hardware. This is known as “trapping”.

Vari-Target: Used only by Gottlieb, these targets reward a different amount of points depending on how hard the target was hit. He is trailed by #2 from MA, USA, Bowen Kerins. A slam tilt will typically end the current game for all players. On modern games, there are both vertical and horizontal holes (also called scoops), and the game may include mechanisms to move the ball between them.

Replay Score: Beat a specified score to get an extra game. Alternately, the drop targets can be placed in front of other targets, requiring the drop target to be knocked down before the targets behind can be hit, or the drop target may only pop up at specific times to deny the player the ability to shoot the ball into whatever is behind it. Most drugstores and taverns in America operated pinball machines, with many locations making back the cost of the game in a matter of days. has produced several reproductions of Capcom’s Big Bang Bar for the European market and continues to build machines for the U.S.[4][5]

[edit] Depression era

By the 1930s, manufacturers were producing coin-operated versions of bagatelles, now known as “marble games” or “pin games”. Competition between the companies was brutal, however, and by 1934 there were only 14 companies left. Tilting has also been simulated, which can be activated using one or more keys (sometimes the space bar) for “moving” the table.

[edit] Other information

Pinballrankings.com Official rankings system of pinball players throughout the world

The Ring Of Pinball Largest WebRing decicated to showcasing major pinball websites worldwide.

[edit] Machine information

Internet Pinball Database World’s largest online searchable database of pinball machines covering over 100 years of manufacturing, with over 30,000 images of games, game related documents, ratings, comments, and links to additional resources. As processor and graphics capabilities have improved, more accurate ball physics and 3D pinball simulations have become possible (though a truly convincing model of pinball physics and control has remained elusive). “Bragging rights” associated with being on the high-score list are a powerful incentive for experienced players to master a new machine.

Sesame Street had a segment called Pinball Number Count where a pinball goes through many different places. By 1997 there were only two companies left: Sega Pinball and Williams.

On The Simpsons, Sideshow Bob said that his former medium of TV “destroyed more young minds than syphilis and pinball combined.”

Blernsball, the futuristic version of baseball in Futurama, features pinball game elements, including captive balls and multiball. Various types of stationary and moving targets were added, spinning scoring reels replaced games featuring static scores lit from behind. If successful, this will cause the ball to bounce up and back into play. The player can control the amount of force used for launching by pulling the plunger a certain distance (thus changing the spring compression). Multiplayer scores were added soon after, and then bells and other noise-makers, all of which began to make pinball less a game and more of an experience. Two years later, Williams commemorated this benchmark with a limited edition of 1,000 Addams Family Gold pinball machines, featuring gold-colored trim and updated software with new game features. The plunger is then connected to a feature or accessory on the playfield.

Tilt.it – extensive library of books about pinball. Most games cap the bonus multiplier at 5x or 10x, although more modern games apparently have no limit.

One controversial technique for saving the ball is called a “death save” or “bangback”. This non-profit museum houses over 200 vintage pinball machines all playable and open to the public. Illinois pinball company PinBall Manufacturing Inc.

Special: A mechanism to get an extra game during play is usually called a “special”.

Bullseye Targets: These are static targets that have two concentric elements, similar to a stationary target. This technique involves catching the ball in the corner between the base of the flipper and the wall to its side, just as the ball falls towards the flipper; the flipper is then released, which allows the ball to roll slowly downward against the flipper. A skilled player can quickly “learn the angles” and gain a high level of control of ball motion, even on a table they’ve never played. Modern machines use computers to control this, making the switch almost unnecessary as the computer can change the power based on timing; however, machines still include these.

End-of-ball bonus: After each ball is played, the player scores bonus points depending on how many times certain features have been activated, or the amounts of items that the player may obtain. It may simply show pricing information, but should also show critical details about special scoring techniques.

Saucers: A type of shallow hole that still keeps the ball visible above the table. For example, Williams’ designers often hid cows in the video displays of the games, and Pat Lawlor often had a red button in the artwork of games he developed. A noted example of this is Williams’ Bram Stoker’s Dracula, with its Multi-Multiball feature.

Pinball designers also entice players with the chance to win an extra game or replay. At the peak of this trend, two machines, Johnny Mnenomic and Attack From Mars, have been played into the trillions. Every recent pinball machine includes slingshots to the upper left and upper right of the lowest set of flippers; older games used more experimental arrangements.

The 1979 movie Tilt starring Brooke Shields as a young pinball wizard

The 1970s TV game show The Magnificent Marble Machine featured a giant pinball machine. Once you come out of that chute you hit a switch and can’t go back. To return the ball to the upper part of the playfield, the player makes use of one or more flippers. Some machines allow the operator to set this score to increase with each consecutive game in which the replay score is achieved, in order to prevent a skilled player from gaining virtually unlimited play on one credit by simply achieving the same replay score in every game.

Some early (late ’70′s) computerized games could be fooled into giving free credits by switching the power off and on quickly, or applying a static shock to the coin door. Some new manufacturers entered the field such as Capcom Pinball and Alvin G. While there had been earlier pinball video games, such as Pinball for the Atari 2600, Pinball Construction Set was the first program that allowed the user to create his own simulated pinball machine and then play it. In his frustration he founded Lion Manufacturing to produce a game of his own design, Ballyhoo, named after a popular magazine of the day. Bally exited the pinball business in 1988 and sold their assets to Williams, who subsequently used the Bally trademark on about half of their pinball releases from then on.

[edit] Ramps

Ramps: Ramps are, as the name may imply, inclined planes, with a gentle enough slope that the ball may travel along it.

[edit] Trapping

Skilled players can also hold a ball in place with the flipper, giving them more control over where they want to place the ball when they shoot it forward.

Most early simulations were top-down 2D.

High Score: Most machines award 1-3 free games if a player gets on the high score list. In 1947, the first mechanical flippers appeared on Gottlieb’s Humpty Dumpty and by the early 1950s, the familiar two-flipper configuration, with the flippers at the bottom of the playfield above the center drain, had become standard. Solenoids (or coils as they’re sometimes called) are found in every modern pinball machine since the flipper age. Such lanes are frequently placed at the bottom sides of the table: “inlanes” feed the ball back to the flippers, “outlanes” cause the ball to immediately drain. Modern games give tilt warnings before sacrificing the ball in play. The backglass contains the name of the machine, eye-catching graphics, (usually) the score displays (lights, mechanical wheels, digital displays, or a dot matrix display depending on the era), and sometimes a mechanical device tied to game play, for example, elevator doors that opened on an image or a woman swatting a cat with a broom such as on Williams’ 1989 “Bad Cats”. Multi-ball games, in particular, reward trapping techniques. On older games, there is a peculiar thing called a “gobble hole”: this takes the ball, awards a large number of points or a free game, but doesn’t give the ball back. Each time a ball goes in there, it is “locked” and a new ball appears at the plunger. Typically, some hard-to-get feature of the game will light the outlanes (the areas to the extreme left and right of the flippers) for special. The song was sung by the Pointer Sisters. When a ball hits it, it ratchets back sometimes, resetting immediately or resetting only after it is hit all the way back.

[edit] Modern day pinball

Ball lock: Try to get two (or three or however many) balls into a specific hole or target.

PinMAME The Pinball Multiple Arcade Machine Emulator

Future Pinball A True Realtime 3D Pinball Design Tool

Visual Pinball Forums

Pinball Fun online pinball game

[edit] Rebirth

In November 2005 The Pinball Factory (TPF), based in Melbourne, Australia, announced that they would be producing a new Crocodile Hunter-themed pinball machine under the Bally label.

Visual Pinball, released by Randy Davis in 2001, is a simulation tool that not only allows a user to play simulations of popular real-world machines, but also allows them to create new tables (playfields). Other non-numeric methods are sometimes used to award a match. Both the PC and video game compilations had tables representing various time periods in Gottlieb’s history. Average scores soon began to commonly increase back into tens or hundreds of thousands. Another recent curiosity is the 1997 Bally game NBA Fastbreak which, true to its theme, awards points in terms of a real basketball score: Each successful shot can give from one to three points.

Pinball Owners Browse private pinball collections from all around the world

Penny arcade Impressive private collection of coin-operated mechanical games, including pinballs

[edit] Backglass

The backglass is a vertical graphic panel mounted on the front of the backbox, which is the upright box at the top back of the machine.

[edit] Toys, Magnets and Captive Balls

Toys: various items on, above, or beneath the playfield (items beneath the playfield visible through windows) or attached to the cabinet (usually to the backbox). More recent machines have recognized this maneuver as a legitimate one though, even going so far as to grant the player a point reward for a successful death save. While not every simulator made will be listed here, the following simulators are notable:

Today, video game players and computer users can find pinball simulators for practically every platform and operating system. Almost all members of the design teams for Stern Pinball are former employees of Williams. Once a ball is in play, it tends to move downward towards the player, although the ball can move in any direction, sometimes unpredictably, as the result of contact with objects on the playfield or by the player’s own actions. Stern Pinball is the only current manufacturer of pinball machines. During the 1930s and the 1940s, lights mounted behind the painted backglasses were used for scoring purposes, making the scoring somewhat arbitrary. (The album was subsequently made into a movie and stage play.) Wizard has since moved into popular usage as a term for an expert pinball player. These early machines were relatively small, mechanically simple and originally designed to sit on a counter or bar top. Recent machines are typically “tied-in” to other enterprises such as a popular film series, toy, or brand name. Wizard modes come in two varieties: goal-oriented types where the player receives a huge amount of points after completing a specific task, or multiball modes with 4-6 balls in play, and virtually every feature active. Gary Stern, the son of Williams co-founder Sam Stern, founded Data East Pinball with funding from Data East Japan. Hitting the outer ring usually scores lower than hitting the center bull’s eye.

The end of the 1990s saw another downturn in the industry, with Gottlieb, Capcom, and Alvin G. This is often used for a “skill shot”, in which a player attempts to launch a ball so that it exactly hits a specified target. A company called Pacific Amusements in Los Angeles, California, USA produced a game called Contact in 1933.

Extra ball: If a player has earned this, when they lose a ball, they get another one to play immediately afterward, and the machine does not count the lost ball towards the limit of balls for that game. Usually includes some kind of “jackpot” scoring.

Monday Night Football introduction played a computer generated pinball with their theme song. Usually the death save is performed by kicking one of the legs of the machine with great force, which is why the move is unpopular with many players, and is often strongly frowned upon by less experienced arcade operators. In addition, electric lights soon became a standard feature of all subsequent pinball games, designed to attract people to the game. Contrary to popular myth, there are no professionally produced pinball machines known to contain permanent magnets under the playfield with the intent of making game play harder or to increase ball losses. With a fanfare, the backglass descends to reveal a winning screen, American flags pop out from the side of the machine, and fireworks erupted from the back. Other notable popular licenses included Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure and Star Trek: The Next Generation. Multiball ends when all but one ball is lost down the bottom of the playfield, when regular play resumes. The number of tilt warnings can be adjusted by the operator/owner of the machine.

Pinball refurbishing tips.

[edit] Playing techniques

The primary skill of pinball involves application of the proper timing and technique to the operation of the flippers, nudging the playfield when appropriate without tilting, and choosing targets for scores or features.

Other examples of pinball in pop culture include:

[edit] Features

There are other idiosyncratic features on many pinball playfields.

A related move, the “dead flipper pass,” is performed by not flipping when a ball is heading toward a flipper. However, excessive nudging is generally penalized by the loss of the current player’s turn (known as tilting) or ending of the entire game when the nudging is particularly violent (known as slam tilting).

In 1974, students at Jersey City State College wanted to make pinball playing a varsity school sport, like football was, so they started a Pinball Club Team to compete against clubs at other schools. The entire machine is designed to be as eye-catching as possible to attract players and their quarters; every possible space is filled with colorful graphics, blinking lights, and themed objects, and the backglass is usually the first artwork the players see from a distance. Includes photographs of pinball machines and pinball flyers. Very few pinball players can successfully perform this advanced technique.

Wizard Mode: A special scoring mode, which is reached after meeting certain prerequisites to access this mode (e.g., finishing all modes). Contact had an electrically powered solenoid to propel the ball out of a bonus hole in the middle of the playfield.

Competitive pinball has become increasingly popular with the creation of the International Flipper Pinball Assosciation (IFPA) and the World Pinball Player Rankings (WPPR). Free games could be won if the player was skillful enough to get three balls in a row. Modern games often dilute the meaning of a jackpot. The game became a smash hit as well, its larger playfield and ten pockets making it more of a challenge than Baffle Ball, selling 50,000 units in 7 months.

^ Pinball News article with Steve Irwin update

^ Pinball News article on The Pinball Factory’s rereleases

^ Pinball News article on Big Bang Bar

^ Pinball News article on Big Bang Bar update

^ Article about the Jersey City State College pinball club

By the end of the war, a generation of Americans looked for amusement in their bars and malt shops. The IFPA is run by Roger Sharpe and Steve Epstein, while the WPPR is run by Roger’s son, Josh. Ramps frequently end in such a way that the ball goes to a flipper so one can make several ramp shots in a row.

[edit] Playfield

The playfield is a planar surface inclined upward from three to seven degrees (current convention is six and a half degrees), away from the player, and includes multiple targets and scoring objectives.

Captive Balls: a ball that remains on the playfield and is allowed to move around only within a confined area. World’s last remaining manufacturer of commercial pinball machines. When you have locked the required number of balls, a multiball starts. DMD display repair, crimping, desoldering, board generations from 1988 to today, etc. Dude made fun of this trend, offering the player a chance to score a “Gazillion” point jackpot. Another solenoid rang a bell to reward the player. Even so, some towns in America still have these bans on the law books over fifty years later. Perhaps the most famous instance is the rock opera album Tommy (1969) by British band The Who, which centers on the title character, a “deaf, dumb, and blind kid”, who nevertheless becomes a “Pinball Wizard” and who later uses pinball as a symbol and tool for his messianic mission. This type of feature was later discontinued, in an effort to legitimize the machines. Located just outside Chicago, IL

How new machines are designed, from Pat Lawlor Design

Once a player has successfully trapped a ball, they may then attempt to “juggle” the ball to the other flipper.

Pinball-themed zones made numerous appearances in the early Sonic the Hedgehog series of video games, including an entire game based on the Pinball theme, Sonic Spinball. In the movie version, Tommy plays a Gottlieb Kings and Queens machine, while The Champ plays a Gottlieb Buckaroo machine. (Sharpe reportedly acknowledges his courtroom shot was ironically lucky.[citation needed])

The current #1 player, according to the WPPR, is Keith Elwin, from California. Some games did away with the free game feature, giving players an extra ball to play in an attempt to legitimize them further (Add-A-Ball games), a feature which was carried over to newer pinball machines which give extra balls in addition to free games. Careful timing and positional control allows the player to intentionally direct the ball in a range of directions with various levels of velocity. Expanding markets in Europe and Asia helped fuel the boom.

[edit] Spinners and Rollovers

Spinners: a ball can push through a flat surface that is hinged in the middle, causing it to spin; each rotation adds points. Of the two schools that were asked to participate, only St. On many tables, outlanes can have extra balls or “specials” lit to act in the same role as the older gobble holes.

[edit] Pinball on a PC

Simulating a pinball machine has also been a popular theme of computer games, most famously when Bill Budge wrote Pinball Construction Set for the Apple II in 1983. Once an entire bank of drop targets is hit, the bank may reset or pop back up. With both devices the result is the same: The ball is propelled upwards onto the playfield. The table was under glass and used Redgrave’s plunger device to propel the ball into the upper playfield. Manipulation of the ball may also be accomplished by nudging (physically pushing the cabinet).

Various timed rounds (modes): For example, if you hit a specific target three times within the next 20 seconds, you might score several tens of millions of points for it.

[edit] Pinball in popular culture

Pinball games have frequently been featured in popular culture, often as a symbol of rebellion or toughness. The game also shrunk in size and began to fit on top of a bar or counter. A tilt will usually also result in the loss of any bonus points earned by the player during that ball.

[edit] Special Scores

High score lists: if a player attains one of the highest scores ever (or the highest score on a given day) he is invited to add his initials to a displayed list of high-scorers on that particular machine. Pinball Classifieds A very popular (and free) site where collectors can buy and sell machines and parts

Trick Questions and Answers

Guess which month has 28 days?

#5. Imagine you are in a flight that is going to crash any moment. Clark Kent does 5 sets of pushup, 6 sets of sit-up, 7 sets of squat, and 8 sets of bench dip in a day. During that time, he is a baby and crawls – meaning he walks on four legs! Adulthood is analogous to summer, and so the baby becomes a man and walks on two. How will he do it? Remember that, the tiger can kill the goat if not attended by the man, and the goat can eat the grass, when left alone.

#26. There is a river. You somehow reach the 15th floor but you get too tired to continue. There will be more coming up in future and those will be trickier and more interesting; enough to shock, amaze, and amuse you! Till then, keep ‘cooking’ your own set of trick questions and answers and amuse others!

Trick questions and answers are always fun and exciting. ? Spring denotes the early childhood of a man. Why is it a felony to bury a giant bear who lives in a rainforest, in a desert?

#19. This one is my favorite among all trick questions and answers. Imagine yourself driving on a highway on a windy day. My neighbor Bob is a blacksmith. Complete the series. No matter how tricky and hard the questions are, people try their best to get to the end of the maze.

Before I give you the trick questions, let me give you the answers to the first two which were asked at the beginning. How many remain in the water?

#9. In Madagascar, you cannot take a picture of a lemur with gray hair. How’s that possible?

#18. It is 6 ft. Suddenly, you notice some people standing by the side of the road, and you slow down. Tom had 3 big fish and 3 small fish in an aquarium. The ailing woman is dying and requires immediate medical help. One day, you get to serve 35 tourists. Who killed Tommy?

#24. This one seems hard, but it’s simple! There is a casino and it has 4 gates (let’s name them as gate A, B, C and D). tall, and eats all the time. It took 20,000 workers to build the Taj Mahal in 20 years. What is the amount of dirt that lies in this crevice?

#15. Here they are…

#1. You want to go to the 15th floor and the 40th floor, for the view from there is magnificent. You have to go inside the casino through gate A, come out of B, again go inside the casino through gate C and finally come out of gate D. Guess what does he weigh?

#20. Why?

#16. How many workers would be required to build it in 10 years?

#12. You call the elevator and get inside. Last year, a cruise ship sank in the middle of the Pacific. Peter is known for his rash driving in the neighborhood. Roger was reading, Bella was painting, little Johny was trying to walk, the widow (next door neighbor) was over the phone with her husband, Susie was in the kitchen, and Tommy, the pet dog, was barking frantically. Finally, winter falls when the man starts getting older and as you know, most elderly people need the aid of a stick to walk, and hence they walk on ‘three’ legs!

Let’s see if you can get the rest of the questions right. While she was serving the dinner, she got clumsy and dropped one China bowl on the concrete floor, without cracking it? How did Helena did it?

#11. The first was, “What walks on four in spring, two in summer and three in winter?” Here’s the answer.

? The answer is your ‘name’!. wide. Which one is correct? “Penguins flies” or “A Penguin flies”

#17. What is the name of the guide?

#23. What goes up and down, but still remains in the same place?

#3. The monks say that they would like to rest for a while. The man has to transport each of them to the other side (say side B) of the river on a boat. In a year, some months have 30 days, while some have 31. Every time you enter the casino, you have to pay $5 and every time you leave the casino, you again have to pay $5. Also know that, whatever amount of money you carry with you inside the casino, it doubles. Which letter of the English alphabet flies, sings, and stings?

The second question was, “What is it which is yours and you do not use, but others always do?”

#2. 9 = 4, 21 = 9, 22 = 9, 24 = 10, 8 = 5, 7 = 5, 99 = 10, 100 = 7, 16 = ?, 17 = ?

#7. So, how will you survive the crash?

#21. There are sixty cups on a table. Now, how much money should you carry inside the casino so that when you finally come out of the gate D, you should be left with no money?

That would be all for some trick questions and answers which I could think of, as of now. deep, 12 ft. Larry’s father has five sons, viz. The power is out in the building due to some maintenance work. Now, the boat can carry one item at a time along with the man. long, and 8 ft. Out of these, 2 nuns leave halfway, 3 photographers decide to stay behind, and the students begin to disappear one by one. You are pointing towards the North and the cup is facing towards the South. The other day, Helena bought a new set of China from the nearby store. Ten, Twenty, Thirty, Forty… On which side is the cup’s handle?

#6. One day, he takes a one-way lane but goes in the wrong direction. Evey single passenger on the ship drowned but only four survived. You learn that the people include your best friend, an ailing old woman, and your dream girl. Now, you have only one chance to spend a day with your dream girl, and of course you can’t leave your best friend behind. Name all the numbers from 1 – 100, which have the letter ‘A’ in their spellings?

#8. If one falls down, then how many remain?

#22. Due to negligence, 1 big fish and 2 small fish died. So, what would you do in order to help the woman to reach the hospital? Remember that, your car can carry ‘ONLY TWO’ people (the driver and one passenger).

#27. The entire group comprises 5 businessmen, 2 monks, 4 photographers, 5 high school students, 7 doctors, 4 nuns, 3 small kids, 3 scholars, and 2 married couples. Guess what type of music is playing inside the elevator?

#25. For example if you carry $5, it will become $10. He is 45 years old, 7 ft. The office on the 15th floor deals in jazz and rock music videos. Guess what would be the name of the fifth?

#4. Despite cops being present in the vicinity of the lane, he slithers away uncaught! How?

#10. Let’s say you are working as a tourist guide for a reputed organization. You have a cup placed on a table. It was a sunny Sunday morning. So, which organ in his body would be the largest?

#13. On one side (say side A) a man is standing with a Bengal tiger, a goat, and a bunch of grass. There is a hole in your backyard. Then there was a loud bang, and everybody found Tommy dead in his kennel. All you have with you is a self-help book named How to save yourself from a plane crash. What is the smartest and quickest way to lift a giant grizzly bear with one hand?

#14. One day you decide to enter a sixty-storied skyscraper

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